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How To Install Solar System At Home?

There are major financial benefits of installing a solar system at home, for instance, it lowers your monthly electricity bills, it’s eco-friendly, saves taxes, and even increases the value of your home. Compensations like the Federal Solar Energy Tax Credit can reduce your net cost by more than 25%, but solar energy is still a substantial investment, and the asking price can give you a sudden shock. It is no wonder that many homeowners try to install a home solar system on their own to save the maximum amount of money.

Now you should know that solar systems consist of many components such as solar panels/modules, mounting brackets and stands, solar inverter with a computerized controller, and many more. To install solar systems at home, you need to be a little vigilant and active. This article contains all the information you need to install the solar system at home.

When installing a solar system for a home, the first thing that comes to mind is how much does a home solar system cost?

With complete installation, an average 5kW residential size system costs between $ 4 and $ 6 per watt, resulting in the $ 14,000 to $ 27,000 range. Your costs are also determined by how much electricity you use per day. It depends on which state you are living in as well.

Find A Suitable Location For Solar System Installation

First of all, you need to carefully research your home to find a certain place for installation. As we all know, many factors will influence the energy output of a solar system, among which location is very important. Of course, some of you might want to set it up on the ground. 

You are free to make the decision. The amount of electricity produced by a panel depends on the number of hours of sunshine there. The more hours you have, the more power you will get with a few solar modules. However, if the hours are shorter, you may need to install more panels to generate the same amount of power. Therefore, know the number of hours of sunshine in your area before proceeding with the installation of solar panels.

Safety Considerations

Since solar installation comprises heavy lifting, electrical work, and possibly roof climbing, safety should be a priority at all times. After all, what’s the point of a brand new solar system if you’re not around to reap its benefits, right?

  • Use a solar panel installation guide to confirm your safety and the safety of others throughout the installation process.
  • Wear protective goggles, gloves, and closed boots at all times.
  • Remove all metal jewelry, including watches.
  • Wear long sleeves.

How much value does a solar system add to your home?

The accurate numbers can vary depending on different factors like property, state, and installation, but recent research shows an average rise in resale value being $4,900 for each 1kW of the solar module installed.

Solar System Installation Setup:

To configure the shelving system first. Assuming you install it on a ceiling bracket, you first need to know whether the bookcase will be installed on a sloped ceiling or a flat ceiling.

If You Are Trying To Install A Solar System On The Roof, You Will Need:

Several tubes of roofing mastic to prevent leaks and wind damage. Make sure you get an appropriate sealer for your roofing material. For tilted roofs, a rail system must be installed. It consists of fixing a set of railings to the roof that holds the solar panels. 

Flashing, screws, and bolts are used to hold these tracks together by drilling through the ceiling and using sealant to prevent water leakage. Joist locations should be identified first for placement of the flashing, this provides higher structural support for the system.

The Installation For Ground:

Ground supports require concrete, formwork reinforcement, and 2 or 3-inch mechanical tubing. Since these materials are expensive to ship, they are cheaper to source locally. Your shelving report will specify the total number of linear feet of pipe and cubic meters of concrete required for the project. Once the base is in place, a set of vertical aluminum mechanical tubes is installed. The rails are then placed in a rectangular design to place the panels directly on the frame.

Connecting The Solar Modules/Panels

The most common way to interconnect solar panels is to use connectors. Before proceeding with this step, it is important to have a very precise idea of ​​the layout of the system, especially which panels will be connected in series as a single chain and the number of chains that will be installed. It is common to make a series connection and then route the string cables to a combo box or directly to the inverter. 

This is done by linking/connecting the positive wire from one panel to the negative wire from the next module. It is noteworthy to identify that when the solar panels are exposed to sunlight, they will have an open-circuit voltage waiting for something to close the path of the circuit, so it is very necessary to be careful when handling the circuits.

Solar System Inverter Installation

After that, the solar inverter should be connected to the system. It is commonly installed near the main/master panel and can be mounted both indoors and outdoors. Inverters are more efficient if stored in a cooler location. If installed outdoors, keep the inverter out of direct sunlight and away from sprinklers. If installed indoors, the garage or laundry room are usually the best places, as they stay cool most of the year and are ventilated.

Grounding The Electrical System

Proper grounding of the electrical components of your solar system is a crucial step. On the one hand, grounded electrical connections reduce the risk of shock, power surge, and static electricity build-up. Additionally, if the circuit fails, grounding provides a safe path for fault current.

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